Your question is very wide open, although you probably don't realize it. There are many fields of professional photography. Below is a list of the various fields I can think of; there are probably more. This may help get you started. You can ask questions about a specific field you might be interested in.
Photographs you would find on people's walls or in art galleries. Photographs made for fine art cover the entire range of every type of photograph, both in a studio and on location: landscape, scenic, architectural, portrait, candid, etc. These photographers are typically free-lance and may even have their own art gallery to sell their photographs.
Photographs used for newspapers and news magazines. These help "tell a story." Sometimes a photographer is sent with a reporter, and sometimes the photographer is the reporter who also writes the story. The photographer may be free-lance or work for the publisher.
Similar to photojournalism, I make a distinction between this and photojournalism. Editorial photographs are used in monthly (or longer time period) magazines to tell help tell a story in depth about something. The difference between this and photojournalism is the coverage. Usually there are more photographs made over a longer time period to cover a single story. The photographer may be free-lance or work for the publisher.
Traditionally done in a studio, it can can also be done on-location outside a studio, or at a place of activity (an "environmental" portrait). The purpose is to capture someone's likeness. The photographer often owns their own studio, but can also work for a larger company which specializes in portraiture such as Olan Mills.
This is a special combination of portraiture and editorial photography to photograph the wedding party's likenesses and tell the story about the wedding. Very little studio work with nearly everything done on-location. Nearly all wedding photographers are free-lance and also do standard portraiture.
Done in a studio or on-location, it is similar to portraiture, but highlights fashion instead of a person's likeness. Some are free-lance and others may work for the publisher of a fashion magazine.
Creates photographs for catalogs, brochures, annual reports, corporate training or other commercial purposes. The types of photographs cover a wide range from architectural to macros of small products. Larger companies have their own photography staff. Smaller ones hire a free-lance for each job, often someone who also does weddings and portraits.
3/22/2001 7:10:44 PM