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SNAPSHOT - PHOTO NEWS FROM BETTERPHOTO.COM
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Welcome to SnapShot, the weekly newsletter on
the art of photography from
BetterPhoto.com


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IN THIS ISSUE - Monday, October 18, 2004
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* SPOTLIGHT: Debut of BetterPhoto's Pro Deluxe BetterPholios™
* BETTERPHOTO: Special Offer on Jim Miotke's Exciting New DVD
* BETTERPHOTO: Capture Great Wildlife Photos in Natural Settings - in Utah!
* BETTERPHOTO: View the September Showcase of Contest Winners
* FEATURED GALLERY: Focus on Still Life Photography
* FEATURED PLACE: Focus on South America
* PHOTO TRIVIA QUESTION: Where the Heart Is II / What Year Was It?
* THIS WEEK'S TIP: Inexpensive Backgrounds ... By Bob Cammarata
* NEW PHOTO Q&A 1: Photography in Bad Weather
* NEW PHOTO Q&A 2: Moisture Condensation on Lens Surface
* NEW PHOTO Q&A 3: What Photoshop to Buy?
* NEW PHOTO Q&A 4: Difference ... Nikon Vs. Canon
* NEW PHOTO Q&A 5: How to Work in My Darkroom
* NEW PHOTO Q&A 6: Christmas Lights as Backdrop
* NEW PHOTO Q&A 7: Legal Issues: Selling Photos of Homes
* NEW PHOTO Q&A 8: Digital Image Sizing
* NEW PHOTO Q&A 9: Wide-Angle Lenses
* NEW PHOTO Q&A 10: Negatives from One-Hour Lab
* NEW PHOTO Q&A 11: How to Merge Two Pictures
* CONTINUING PHOTO Q&A 1: Taking Photos from TV
* CONTINUING PHOTO Q&A 2: How to Re-Size a Picture for Web Use?
* CONTINUING PHOTO Q&A 3: Tips for Shooting Eyes


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IN THE SPOTLIGHT - ADVERTISEMENT
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Debut of BetterPhoto's Pro Deluxe BetterPholios™
For professional photographers, aspiring pros, and any other serious shooters, BetterPhoto now offers the Pro BetterPholio™s. With the Deluxe Pro package, you get control over the look and feel of your site, ALL of the features of our Deluxe BetterPholios™, PLUS these powerful features: image sales option included; visitor statistics; triple the images (now space for 3,000 photos!); mailing list pages; more email aliases; password-protected private galleries (ideal for posting non-public images for clients, friends, and family); additional wildcard pages (for equipment lists, ordering policies, testimonials, or anything else you wish to add); and enhanced large slide shows (for your galleries AND for your front/home page!). For more information, go to:
http://www.betterphoto.com/sites4photogs/deluxeProWebsites.asp


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WHAT'S NEW AT BETTERPHOTO.COM
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Welcome to the 182nd issue of SnapShot!

Hi

Lots of exciting news this week! The fall session of BetterPhoto's online courses has gotten off to a fantastic start, although some classes haven't even begun yet ... specifically, the second sessions of our 4-week Short Courses. These specialty classes get under way on November 3rd and include:

Brenda Tharp's "Mastering Macro Photography" (2nd Session):
http://www.betterphoto.com/photocourses/BRN04.asp

Kerry Drager's "Details and Close-ups" (2nd Session):
http://www.betterphoto.com/photocourses/KRD05.asp

Also, the September contest results are posted, and once again, we are blown away by the caliber of the entries. If you have not yet seen them, the winners are absolutely stunning! For more details and a link, see the update item below.

There's still time to take advantage of the special offer on my new DVD, "Digital Photography Unleashed: Capturing Wildly Great Photos." See the details at:
http://www.betterphoto.com/product/ourProductDetail.asp?productID=1256

In this issue of SnapShot, be sure to check out the Featured Gallery on color still life photography and the Featured Place gallery on South America. Also, don't miss BetterPhoto member Bob Cammarata's photo tip on inexpensive backgrounds. And, as always, we have a great lineup of questions and answers!

That's it for now. Have an enjoyable week of photography!
Jim Miotke
http://www.betterphoto.com/MG.asp?ID=124


*****
Special Offer on Jim Miotke's Exciting New DVD
Learn digital photography in Jim Miotke's entertaining and instructional new DVD, "Digital Photography Unleashed: Capturing Wildly Great Photos." In a Special Limited Edition Offer, pre-order Jim's DVD before it officially hits the streets (October 30th), and receive an autographed, numbered copy (1 of 500) - while supplies last. You will also get the DVD at a special discounted price of $19.95 ($5 less than retail). But there's more! If you order today, you will also get a bonus signed 5 x 7 print of one of Jim's images. These DVDs are selling quick! Pre-order your copy today at:
http://www.betterphoto.com/product/ourProductDetail.asp?productID=1256


*****
Capture Great Wildlife Photos in Natural Settings - in Utah!
Jim Miotke is thrilled to announce his combination on-location and online workshop for photographing wildlife in the red rock country of Southern Utah - April 13th - April 16th, 2005. This unique on-location and online adventure offers photographers the chance to record wildlife models in an array of natural settings, providing you with beautiful and convincing backgrounds for your animal pictures. Just imagine the possibilities: photographing animals such as grizzly bear, mountain lion and kittens, wolves, bobcat, black bear ... all in natural surroundings. Plus, there's a bonus "Birds of Prey" session! For more information on the Digital Wildlife Photography combo workshop, go to:
http://www.betterphoto.com/wildlife-photography/digital-wildlife-photography-Utah.asp



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View the September Showcase of Contest Winners
Congratulations go to Mary-Ella Keith for her Grand Prize winning photo, "There and Back Again." Kudos also go to Kevin Elliott, Casey Hanson, Zack Schnepf, Sharon D., Helena Ahonen, Susan Cook, Patrick Campbell, Susan Parady, Wendy Stevenson, and Heather K. McFarland for their terrific First Place prize winning images. Of course, September's second-place winners and contest finalists deserve plenty of praise, too! See the winning entries at:
http://www.betterphoto.com/contest/winners/0409.asp

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FEATURED GALLERY
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Focus on Still Life Photography
One of the more popular subjects of BetterPhoto shooters is the still life. In fact, a check of photos in our gallery shows all sorts of striking detail shots, intimate scenes, and graphic-design images. And the subject matter covers such a great variety: fruit, crayons, musical instruments, bottles, flower vases, and all sorts of other objects. In fact, when it comes to still-life images and BetterPhoto shooters, almost any subject goes! See it all at:
http://www.betterphoto.com/gallery/dynoGall2.asp?catID=56

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FEATURED PLACE
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Focus on South America
For great scenery, great cities, and great culture and people, it's hard to top the continent of South America. BetterPhoto members and instructors have captured the color and character of this land in so many different ways. For photo ideas and inspiration, check out this gallery at:
http://www.betterphoto.com/gallery/dynoGall2.asp?catID=194

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PHOTO TRIVIA QUIZ OF THE WEEK
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Last week, we asked:
What is the subject of the main character Novalee's prize-winning photo in Where the Heart Is?

The first, best answer - entered by BetterPhoto member Kasia Elser is:
House destroyed by a tornado with her daughter standing and holding a small tree : )

Editor's note: BetterPhoto member Hillary points out that there are actually two answers to this question, with the other being: "In the book, the subject is a little boy running naked through the woods at sunrise."

See Kasia's Premium BetterPholio™:
http://www.betterphoto.com/sites4photogs/dynoMG.asp?memberID=55771

To see all answers to this question, visit:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/trivia.asp?stat=PRV

And Now... This Week's Photo Trivia Question - What Year Was It? - entered by BetterPhoto member Jim Miotke

When was Robert Kennedy Moments After He Was Shot, by Bill Eppridge, photographed?

Submit your own answer to this question by visiting:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/trivia.asp

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THIS WEEK'S PHOTO TIP
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Inexpensive Backgrounds ... By Bob Cammarata
For shooting flowers, plants - and even insects - a good background can transform a mundane photo into something more eye-catching and dramatic. Those 20” X 30” foam boards sold at any office supply or art store make great solid-color backgrounds. They are available in a variety of different colors, and because of their thickness, they can double as a wind breaker.

Top Ten Tips:
http://www.betterphoto.com/exploring/tips.asp

All Tips:
http://www.betterphoto.com/exploring/allTips.asp

Add Your Own Tip:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/login.asp?category=tip&inputType=tip

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ADVERTISEMENT
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Absolute Beginner's Guide to Taking Great Photos
My new book guides you away from the point-and-pray method of taking pictures to shooting with confidence. In this simple and clear how-to book, you will learn:

  • How to compose your picture with a more artful eye
  • The top qualities that winning photos exhibit
  • Tips and secrets for consistently getting better results... and much more.
You can order this book online, call our toll-free order processing number 1-888-927-9992, or simply send a check or money order for USD $16.90 (or USD$18.90 if shipping to Canada or USD$24.90 to other international addresses) to:

BetterPhoto.com
P.O. Box 2781
Redmond, WA 98073-2781 USA

To order online, visit:
http://www.betterphoto.com/product/ourProductDetail.asp?productID=1096


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PHOTOGRAPHY Q&A - NEW THIS WEEK
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NEW QUESTION 1: Photography in Bad Weather
I saw a photographer shoot in the rain with what looked like a nylon or other waterproof-type material shaped around his camera and his lens. The material was black and was adhered to his lens hood by Velcro. Does anyone know where to purchase this type of protection?
Even the eyepiece had a small opening, and it looked like he could easily zip open the SLR body to replace batteries, etc.
Thanks.
- Patrick McCarthy

ANSWER 1:
Tenba rain covers
Kata rain covers
There may be other makers as well.
Both are sold by B&H Photo and other reputable dealers.

- Jon Close

ANSWER 2:
D'oh!! I don't sell anything! Goofed typing the link.

Kata and Tenba covers are available from - Jon Close

ANSWER 4:
Jon,
Thanks for the great info.
- Patrick McCarthy

Read this Q&A at BetterPhoto.com:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/qnaDetail.asp?threadID=12126

Answer this question:
http://www.betterphoto.com/QnAredirect.asp?threadID=12126

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*****


NEW QUESTION 2: Moisture Condensation on Lens Surface
Hi. I went out this morning to snap early sunrise. It was cold outside - about 39 degrees F. I snapped a few photos and came back home. I realized that inside the house that some moisture condensed on the outer surface of the camera and lens. What precautions should one take in this situation to enhance the life of the camera and lens? Any suggestions are welcome. Thanks.
- Manish Issar

ANSWER 1:
As soon as you come in, put the camera in a closed plastic bag until it gets to room temperature. Short trips outside at 39 degrees aren't a very big deal, so drying everything with a cloth is good enough. But if you want to be extra careful, do the bag thing.
Also, if you want, you can buy some silica packets to place in the bag.
- Gregory La Grange

Visit gregorylagrange.org - Gregory's Deluxe BetterPholio™

Read this Q&A at BetterPhoto.com:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/qnaDetail.asp?threadID=12119

Answer this question:
http://www.betterphoto.com/QnAredirect.asp?threadID=12119

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NEW QUESTION 3: What Photoshop to Buy?
I have recently purchased, and awaiting, the Canon 20D and am slowly getting a business going in mostly portraiture. Can anyone suggest what photo editing software I should buy? I want the Photoshop CS but I think it is around $600 and I don't want to spend that much right off the bat ... thanks!
- Lisa

ANSWER 1:
You could try Photoshop Elements 3. It seems about the same as Photoshop CS but aimed at amateur photographers instead of professionals. It seems more user-friendly. Actually, you should probably be getting a copy with your 20D. If you don’t get it, it is only $86.99 USD at Softchoice.com ($44.21 USD if you’re a student).
Good luck with your new business.
- Jean-Sébastien Duchesne

ANSWER 2:
Photoshop Elements should be more than enough right now. It is usually under $100. And if one day you want to spend 7 times more and get the full Photoshop, you'll know the environment already.
- Diane L. Dupuis-Kallos

See Diane's Premium BetterPholio™

ANSWER 3:
Thanks guys. I appreciate it. Does the Photoshop Elements allow you to do many of the things that 7 does?
- Lisa

ANSWER 4:
I think it does about 75 or 80 percent of what the full version does. Check it out at the Adobe site.
- Diane L. Dupuis-Kallos

See Diane's Premium BetterPholio™

ANSWER 5:
Lisa,
I have Elements 2 (received it with my Digital Rebel) and I use it at work quite a bit. I have CS at home. Elements does quite a bit but doesn't have the Healing Brush (this blends pixels), which is great for restoration and blemish corrections. I also can't figure out how, if at all, that Elements can take Actions. I use a lot of Actions with CS. Those are the two differences that I notice more than anything else. Photoshop is an incredible program. Diane has a good point, if you start with Elements then the transition to CS would be very smooth if you choose to do that.
- Lori Carpenter

ANSWER 6:
Lori, does the new Elements 3.0 have anything close to the healing brush? Say I want to clear up a little facial imperctions ... is there anyway to do that with Elements?
Thanks!
- Lisa

ANSWER 7:
I have Elements 2, so I don't know what 3 has. I'm pretty sure you can still clean up blemishes with the paint brush and some blending modes. If I have something like that to do, I just bring it home and work on it in CS. Maybe some of the pros can answer this one to give you some good ideas of what you can do for those type of imperfections with Elements.
- Lori Carpenter

Read this Q&A at BetterPhoto.com:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/qnaDetail.asp?threadID=12102

Answer this question:
http://www.betterphoto.com/QnAredirect.asp?threadID=12102

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NEW QUESTION 4: Difference ... Nikon Vs. Canon
I've been looking through all the pictures here. And they all mostly taken by Canon cameras. And reviews are crazy about Canon product. So I guess my question is. IS NIKON ANY GOOD?
- Pavel Zhurakovskiy

ANSWER 1:
Yeah ... Nikons are good. But keep in mind that ANY camera can only be as good as the photographer behind it.
- Bob Cammarata

Visit cammphoto.com - Bob's Deluxe BetterPholio™

Read this Q&A at BetterPhoto.com:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/qnaDetail.asp?threadID=12097

Answer this question:
http://www.betterphoto.com/QnAredirect.asp?threadID=12097

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NEW QUESTION 5: How to Work in My Darkroom
Last year I bought darkroom equipment, because it had always been my dream to have my own darkroom. However, after countless tries of making a clear print I have had no success. The most I get is a shadow of the pic ... it usually turns out a dark purple. I have played with the times, but it always comes out the same. Is it possible I received some bad chemicals with my darkroom set? I have no idea what I should do. I don't even know where to get chemicals or which chemicals go with which type of paper. Can someone please help me out?
- Cassandra E. Davis

ANSWER 1:
Is this black and white or color printing?
- Gregory La Grange

Visit gregorylagrange.org - Gregory's Deluxe BetterPholio™

ANSWER 2:
Black and white
- Cassandra E. Davis

ANSWER 3:
Where to get them: Look in the phone book Yellow Pages under photo supply/retail.
What to get: Kodak polycontrast black & white and Ilford black & white are good papers - simple to use. They are good for beginners but not so basic that they aren't good for anything else. (There are some that are categorized as fine art, but other types still make good prints.)
Chemicals can be bought at places that sell paper, usually. If there are no stores nearby, then try online - like Adorama.com
Why they're purple, could be old chemicals and/or old paper. A purple tint makes me think it's mainly the chemicals, but the developer turns dark when it's getting old, like tea. Are they turning the purple color in the developer, or does it start to do it when it gets in the fixer?
One test to do: Put a section of paper straight out the box in the developer and see if it stays white. And also, try it without the safelight on, stick in a section and wait awhile, then turn the safelight on and see if it starts turning purple after the safelights turned on.
Third test: Stick in a section in the fixer, wait a few minutes, rinse and put it in the developer with the lights on, and see if it turns dark. That's a way to test fixer strength, that's if you don't have a bottle of fixer tester. That you just add a couple of drops to your fixer and if you get a white precipitate (white solid forms) means your fixer needs to be replaced.
- Gregory La Grange

Visit gregorylagrange.org - Gregory's Deluxe BetterPholio™

Read this Q&A at BetterPhoto.com:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/qnaDetail.asp?threadID=12085

Answer this question:
http://www.betterphoto.com/QnAredirect.asp?threadID=12085

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*****


NEW QUESTION 6: Christmas Lights as Backdrop
I have been trying to shoot some portrait stuff for Christmas with a Christmas tree in the background with lights. And when I take the photo, the lights appear off, even though they are on. Can anyone offer suggestions for me to try to make lights show up in the photo? I was shooting 125th/second with two studio flashes positioned out away from the Canon 10D.
- Bryan Weaver

ANSWER 1:
The colored tree lights are very much dimmer than your studio lights, and 1/125 shutter speed does not give them enough exposure. Try longer shutter speeds of 1/60 or 1/30 or 1/15 ... Below 1/30, you'll need to instruct your subjects to not move. Longer shutter speeds will not affect the exposure given by the studio flashes.
- Jon Close

Read this Q&A at BetterPhoto.com:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/qnaDetail.asp?threadID=12083

Answer this question:
http://www.betterphoto.com/QnAredirect.asp?threadID=12083

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*****


NEW QUESTION 7: Legal Issues: Selling Photos of Homes
I am beginning a 2006 calendar that will be composed of digital photos of the homes in my town and will include an architectural description of each home. No names or addresses will be included. I understand that it is not against the law to take such pictures as long as I am taking them from a public location and that the photographing of said structure is not specifically prohibited.
My question is: If I plan to sell these photos (as part of my calendar), does the legal issue change? That is, am I opening myself to a potential lawsuit by a home owner? I currently do not intend on asking the permission of each home owner since I don't believe that is required. If the state makes a difference, I am in Massachusetts.
I would greatly appreciate a legal reading on this. Thank you.
- Pat

ANSWER 1:
Get thee to a real lawyer versed in copyright law. I could be wrong, but I believe you need permission. It is my understanding that while the photos themselves are yours, the right to the commercial use of the home's image is retained by the homeowner and possibly in some cases by the artist, architect, or historical society.
Last year, the local bank published a calendar with an artist's sketch (not even a photo) of various community homes, including my mother's 125+ year old home. They formally requested her permission to include the sketch of her home in the calendar.
- Jon Close

Read this Q&A at BetterPhoto.com:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/qnaDetail.asp?threadID=12082

Answer this question:
http://www.betterphoto.com/QnAredirect.asp?threadID=12082

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*****


NEW QUESTION 8: Digital Image Sizing
I have been shooting in camera RAW and then saving images in Tiff. For the BetterPhoto classes, I have been resizing these images to the required 750x500 pixels. Does this then cause the image to lose information when I want to enlarge it and print at 5x7 or 8x10?
- Beverly A. Burke

ANSWER 1:
Yes, this is causing you to lose a lot of information. Why don't you resize down and "save as"? Then go back to the original Tiff for the prints you're wanting to make. In fact, when I resize an image down and I want to keep it the same name I put the letter Z in front of it so I'll know that it is a small size and it's easy to find since it's at the bottom of the list.
- Lori Carpenter

ANSWER 2:
Thanks, Lori. I will start doing the "save as", but I wish I knew that sooner. This is my 3rd course, so I guess everything I submitted for assignments here has been ruined for printing.
- Beverly A. Burke

ANSWER 3:
Beverly,
Don't you still have the original Raw file? If so, you can go back and get your Tiff from that file ... may be a little extra work but well worth it.
- Lori Carpenter

ANSWER 4:
Lori,
I do have the Raw files and I am planning to go back to all of those images and re-create the adjustments in PS and save them again as TIFFs. It will be a lot of extra work, but I'm glad I realized the problem now. Thanks so much for your responses.
- Beverly A. Burke

Read this Q&A at BetterPhoto.com:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/qnaDetail.asp?threadID=12065

Answer this question:
http://www.betterphoto.com/QnAredirect.asp?threadID=12065

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*****


NEW QUESTION 9: Wide-Angle Lenses
I am looking to buy a wide-angle lens. What would be good focal length for landscape shots? Also, would it be better to get a fixed or a zoom lens? I have a Canon Rebel Ti. Any suggestions are appreciated.
- Marquee

ANSWER 1:
Personally, I prefer name-brand prime lenses to zooms ... because as a rule, they are faster and sharper than comparable zooms shot at the same focal length. A medium-wide angle (28 or 35mm) might be worth looking into for your scenics.
- Bob Cammarata

Visit cammphoto.com - Bob's Deluxe BetterPholio™

Read this Q&A at BetterPhoto.com:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/qnaDetail.asp?threadID=12064

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http://www.betterphoto.com/QnAredirect.asp?threadID=12064

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*****


NEW QUESTION 10: Negatives from One-Hour Lab
I was reading through some of the previous questions people have asked about taking their film to one-hour photo labs or Wal-Mart, etc. I'm just wondering if there are any new comments or thoughts from people about how the negatives themselves are or are not affected when you use a quickie lab rather than a professional. I have several rolls of film (color) that I just took over the weekend and I REALLY want to see how they turned out - basically just for proofs because I am going to get enlargements made from the pro lab I like. But if I use the one-hour photo lab, do you think my negatives will be poorly developed??? I will wait if it would be best (I can't get down to the lab until next week). Any thoughts are appreciated. Thanks!
- Shauna

ANSWER 1:
If you were to take your film to the store and have them send it out to Kodak for developing, your film will be developed using machines that operate in much the same way as Wal-Marts do. In fact, because the computerized system is closely controlled, you might get a better set of negatives from such a service than you can if a photofinisher developed the film in his baths. That's in part because the chemicals are changed on a set schedule and the equipment may have more elaborate temperature controls.

I wouldn't be afraid for the negatives - but I can't say the same is true for printing from those negatives.
One other thing: The above comments reflect color print film only and do not consider whether you've "pushed" the film. "Pushing" requires adjustments to developing times, etc. - these would not be accomplished at the Wal-Mart. For a special price, Kodak makes "standard" adjustments for push processing.

Also, the comments aren't necessarily correct for black-and-white film. There are many different developers one can use to achieve different effects. The high-volume lab will not easily deviate from standard developers, etc.
- John Sandstedt

Read this Q&A at BetterPhoto.com:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/qnaDetail.asp?threadID=12063

Answer this question:
http://www.betterphoto.com/QnAredirect.asp?threadID=12063

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*****


NEW QUESTION 11: How to Merge Two Pictures
I have the Ulead PhotoImpact 7.0 program for editing, and what I need to know is how to merge two different pictures, one faded in the background. Any help would be appreciated. Thanks,
- Terry L.

ANSWER 1:
Hi Terry,
Open the two images. Then go to one of the image: select all, then cut and paste it. Then go to edit/fadeout, and select the direction of the fadeout. Then just re-cut the fade-out image and paste into the other picture. Once pasted there, you can also adjust the amount of transparency of the pasted image. If you wish to place the pasted image in the back, then after pasting it. Select all of the background, cut and paste, set transparency and fade that out, if desired. Your layer manager will show both layers, and you can easily select which layer you wish to work on there. Once all is composed the way you like, right click on the image and chose merge all.
- Kip Berger

Read this Q&A at BetterPhoto.com:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/qnaDetail.asp?threadID=12056

Answer this question:
http://www.betterphoto.com/QnAredirect.asp?threadID=12056

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PHOTOGRAPHY Q&A - CONTINUING FROM PREVIOUS NEWSLETTER
~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

CONTINUING QUESTION 1: Taking Photos from TV
What is the best slide film to use to photograph still shots from my own DVDs? Is tungsten best?
- Nelda J. Pieper

ANSWER 1:
I think daylight film is better.
- Gregory La Grange

Visit gregorylagrange.org - Gregory's Deluxe BetterPholio™

ANSWER 2:
Hi Nelda,
I don't think you'll get acceptable results due to the TV's refresh rate. You would be better off playing the DVD on your computer and use your graphics card or DVD software to capture the still. I know Cyberlink Power DVD offers capability of screen captures of what is playing.
- Kip Berger

ANSWER 3:
I had to think back to when I was shooting pics of the first Moon landings off the TV (no, I'm not that old - I was 2 when I was doing that!) :-) As I recall, daylight color film worked fine. You will need to mount the camera on a tripod, because you need to shoot at 1/30 second or slower due to how TVs work - any faster and you will get dark bands running through the pix (I believe this is either due to the "refresh rate" or the frames per second - some of the tech folks out there can say which it is). At 1/30 you will occasionally get the dark band, at 1/15 almost never.
- Jim Zimmerman

Read this Q&A at BetterPhoto.com:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/qnaDetail.asp?threadID=11995

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http://www.betterphoto.com/QnAredirect.asp?threadID=11995

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*****


CONTINUING QUESTION 2: How to Re-Size a Picture for Web Use?
I am having a terrible time taking a good picture and resizing it to a 2by2 or 2by3 picture for a Web page. Every time it gets to the Web size the picture is distorted and looks awful. What am I doing wrong? Often I crop the picture first. Would that make a difference? Thank you.
- Elizabeth Scully

ANSWER 1:
It's probably due to not cropping to a proportion that is the same as the space for the Web site.
- Gregory La Grange

Visit gregorylagrange.org - Gregory's Deluxe BetterPholio™

ANSWER 2:
In addition to Gregory's suggestion, you might also be re-sizing without constraining proportions. Plus, you should use bicubic interpolation when re-sizing.
- Kip Berger

ANSWER 3:
Elizabeth,
You don't say how you are resizing or in what program so I'll just plunge in and make assumptions:
1. Don't resize by physically pulling the "handles" at the corners of the photo, always use the "image size" pulldown in PhotoShop or Elements or the equivalent in another graphics program. In that window, make sure that "constrain proportions" is checked. That means that the photo will always retain the original proportions.
2. Another way of doing this - especially for web use - is to "save for Web" (again in PS/Elements). Again you will input a dimension and the computer will handle the rest. it is especially good for web use as it changes the colour profile to optimize for the Web.
3. And another way is to use "automate">"Fit image" (in PS, under File).
I hope this helps.
- Laura Berman

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Read this Q&A at BetterPhoto.com:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/qnaDetail.asp?threadID=11993

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*****


CONTINUING QUESTION 3: Tips for Shooting Eyes
I have a friend with really pretty blue eyes. I want to shoot close-ups of her face/eyes. Can anyone give me tips on how to best bring out the color in her eyes (i.e. lighting, etc.)? I'll be using a Canon 10D. I have Photoshop Elements 2.0 ... but haven't used it at all yet. Anything you can tell me about tweaking the shots with the program? Thanks.
- Jim Hayes

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ANSWER 1:
The lighting should be soft and uniform - diffused in some way. If more than one light source is used, try to avoid recording multiple "catch-lights" in her eyes. These can distracting ... especially with close-ups. You can usually see the effect you will get in the viewfinder, and adjust the angle of the lights to prevent this.
Once you've taken your shots, you can tweak the saturation a little to accentuate the color.
- Bob Cammarata

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ANSWER 2:
Thanks, Bob. I appreciate the tips.
- Jim Hayes

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ANSWER 3:
I haven't used Photoshop Elements before but here is a trick you can try in Photoshop. I'd imagine you can probably do it in Elements as well.
1. Duplicate the image to a new layer
2. Add a layer mask to the top layer so that everything is hidden (the layer mask should be all black).
3. Take a white soft brush to colour the mask so that only the eyes from the top layer are showing.
4. Change the blending mode of the top layer to "Overlay"
5. Still working with the top layer, bring up the Hue-saturation tool, and adjust until you like the eyes.
There are plenty of other tricks around, usually variations on a similar theme.
- Karney Li

ANSWER 4:
You want to make sure the pupils are really small to increase the amount of blue that is visible in the eyes. Therefore, the more light, the better. Of course, you don't want to shoot in direct sun ... maybe open shade - diffuse the light and/or use a reflector.
- Daun

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