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SNAPSHOT - PHOTO NEWS FROM BETTERPHOTO.COM
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Welcome to SnapShot, the weekly newsletter on
the art of photography from
BetterPhoto.com


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IN THIS ISSUE - Wednesday, January 28, 2004
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* SPOTLIGHT: Self-Publish Your Photos and Articles with a Deluxe BetterPholio™
* BETTERPHOTO: Tony Sweet's Inspiring and Eye-Opening DVD: Visual Rhythm
* BETTERPHOTO: Kerry Drager's Award-Winning Deluxe BetterPholio™
* BETTERPHOTO: New Spring Session Now Online
* PHOTO TRIVIA QUESTION: Other Albums / After 5000 Snapshots
* THIS WEEK'S TIP: Remembering Camera Settings - A Tip by Susan and Neil Silverman
* NEW PHOTO Q&A 1: Photoshop Toolbox #2 Course
* NEW PHOTO Q&A 2: Canon or Fuji Digital SLR's
* NEW PHOTO Q&A 3: Highest Quality Compression/Lossless Compression
* NEW PHOTO Q&A 4: Scratches Through Negatives
* NEW PHOTO Q&A 5: Printing Images on My Epson 2200
* NEW PHOTO Q&A 6: Shooting Group Photos - What to Wear?
* NEW PHOTO Q&A 7: Deluxe BetterPholio™
* NEW PHOTO Q&A 8: Exposure for Snow Scenes
* NEW PHOTO Q&A 9: Why Are Some Indoor Portraits Yellow?
* NEW PHOTO Q&A 10: How to Take a Picture for eBay
* NEW PHOTO Q&A 11: Starting a Home Darkroom
* CONTINUING PHOTO Q&A 1: Travelling in Europe with Digital


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IN THE SPOTLIGHT - ADVERTISEMENT
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Self-Publish Your Photos and Articles with a Deluxe BetterPholio™
The Deluxe BetterPholios™ now feature the ability to publish your own articles. A simple form lets you combine text with photos to create your own tips pages, stories, helpful how-to pages, and more. You enter the material and we stitch it all together for you. In a matter of minutes, you see your own photo-illustrated work on the Web. Order your Deluxe BetterPholio™ today at:
http://www.betterphoto.com/sites4photogs/deluxeWebsites.asp


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WHAT'S NEW AT BETTERPHOTO.COM
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Welcome to the 145th issue of SnapShot!

Hi

We are having another incredible week here at BetterPhoto. 2004 is turning out to be an exciting year and we can't wait to share with you all of the fun things in the works.

This past week, we have built a new online store which showcases the books and other offerings from our BetterPhoto instructors. Buying direct from BetterPhoto, you can get a signed copy of your favorite photography how-to guidebook. Even better, you can combine a spring photo course with an autographed companion book by your instructor. What could be a better way to learn?

I also wanted to make a point of sharing Tony Sweet's recent DVD with you. If you have not seen this learning tool, take it from me - it is awesome! I learned quite a few excellent tips and greatly enjoyed viewing Tony's inspiring images.

Enjoy the week of photo fun!
Jim Miotke
http://www.betterphoto.com/MG.asp?ID=124


*****
Tony Sweet's Inspiring and Eye-Opening DVD: Visual Rhythm
Packed with dozens of Tony's finest images, including a gorgeous photo montage set to music, Tony Sweet's "Visual Rhythm: The Art and Business of Nature Photography" is a must-have for any nature photographer.

Through interviews with Tony, live in-the-field instruction, and tips on the proper use of different filters, lenses and film, "Visual Rhythm" provides an insider's jump start for any photographer interested in taking on nature.

"Visual Rhythm" will show you how to turn your hobby of nature photography into a successful career. Buy your own copy today from our new online store:
http://www.betterphoto.com/product/ourProductDetail.asp?productID=1174


*****
Kerry Drager's Award-Winning Deluxe BetterPholio™
A widely published photographer-writer, Kerry Drager is the author of Scenic Photography 101 and a great instructor here at BetterPhoto. He is also the host of an award-winning Web site - full of excellent tips for photographers.

By the way, if you don't know what a Deluxe BetterPholio™ is, or what all the fuss is about, you have got to see for yourself. Our Deluxe BetterPholios™ help you get your best images up in your own online portfolio in a matter of days. And the price is very reasonable. For more info, visit:
http://www.betterphoto.com/sites4photogs/deluxeWebsites.asp

Check out Kerry Drager's Deluxe BetterPholio™ for informational tips and articles, as well as a view of some lovely outdoor photos.
http://www.kerrydrager.com


*****
New Spring Session Now Online
We have posted most of the courses for the next session of classes. Among them are our ever-popular "Beginning Photography", "Digital Photography", and "Understanding Exposure" courses. If you are most interested in any of these three photography courses, we recommend that you sign up as soon as possible. If our past sessions can be used as a good indicator, these classes will be filling up very fast.

Also, we will be adding four or five new classes as soon as we can post the information on them. Here are few hints: Using Your Digital Camera... Pricing Your Photos for Sale... and Photoshop Toolbox #2. That is just a sampling of the great classes we will be posting soon. Stay tuned to:
http://www.betterphoto.com/online-photography-courses.asp

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PHOTO TRIVIA QUIZ OF THE WEEK
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Last week, we asked:
In "The Others", Nicole Kidman discovers an old album of photos when trying to learn the history of her haunted house. What kind of album does she find?

The first, best answer - entered by BetterPhoto member Dave Mikkelson is:
In "The Others", Nicole Kidman finds a book of the dead. It is an album of people posed to look alive but in fact they are all dead.

See Dave's Premium BetterPholio™:
http://www.betterphoto.com/sites4photogs/dynoMG.asp?memberID=44285

To see all answers to this question, visit:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/trivia.asp?stat=PRV

And Now... This Week's Photo Trivia Question - After 5000 Snapshots - entered by BetterPhoto member Jim Miotke

Which great Agatha Christie detective said, "The man who invented the camera has a lot to answer for, mon ami"? What was the context?

Submit your own answer to this question by visiting:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/trivia.asp

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THIS WEEK'S PHOTO TIP
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Remembering Camera Settings - A Tip by Susan and Neil Silverman
It's easy to make changes in White Balance and ISO etc. in your camera settings, all within the same flash card images. However, it's not always so easy to remember to change those settings back - especially while in the heat of the shoot. So, we take care of this problem by using a piece of colored gaffer tape. We place it on an area of the camera that can be seen easily as a reminder that we have made a change to the original stettings. This is critically important when using things like exposure compensation and ISO settings. After returning our settings back to normal, then we place the tape in a spot where it does not get much attention. This gaffer tape can be reused many times and still will adhere well and does not leave any residue.

For more tips and techniques like the above, consider enrolling in the Silverman's photo course, "Digital Workout #1: Beginning Digital Photography":
http://www.betterphoto.com/photocourses/SIL01.asp

Top Ten Tips:
http://www.betterphoto.com/exploring/tips.asp

All Tips:
http://www.betterphoto.com/exploring/allTips.asp

Add Your Own Tip:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/login.asp?category=tip&inputType=tip

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ADVERTISEMENT
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Absolute Beginner's Guide to Taking Great Photos
My new book guides you away from the point-and-pray method of taking pictures to shooting with confidence. In this simple and clear how-to book, you will learn:

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To order online, visit:
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PHOTOGRAPHY Q&A - NEW THIS WEEK
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NEW QUESTION 1: Photoshop Toolbox #2 Course
Hi Jim,
In december I followed a very exciting online-course by Lewis Kemper: Photoshop Toolbox #1. At that time he adressed that there will be (eagerly awaited by most of the students of that class) a continuation in spring 2004. Seeing the new schedule I am quite disappointed not finding this class! what happened? will there ever be a continuation?
Yours sincerely,
- Willy Haenggi

ANSWER 1:
Hi Willy,
Yes, Lewis will be teaching the Toolbox #2 course this Spring session. We just need to complete the course information pages and add it to our Course roster. We will have that information up for you soon!
- Jim at BetterPhoto.com

See Jim Miotke's Premium BetterPholio™
Visit Jim Miotke's Deluxe BetterPholio™ - Miotke.com

Take an Online PhotoCourse™ with Jim Miotke:
Jim Miotke's Online Photography Classes

Read this Q&A at BetterPhoto.com:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/qnaDetail.asp?threadID=8024

Answer this question:
http://www.betterphoto.com/QnAredirect.asp?threadID=8024

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*****


NEW QUESTION 2: Canon or Fuji Digital SLR's
I'm debating whether to purchase the Canon 10D or the Fuji FinePix S2 Pro, 12.1 Megapixel Digital Camera. They are the same price, but different mega pixels. When I researched the Fuji, it said the number of effective pixels is 6.17 though. So would I be better off to get the Canon? (I love Canon cameras very much!) Is the Fuji a good camera?
- Amanda J. Hubbard

ANSWER 1:
My advise is to visit your local camera shop and bring your memory card and test both cameras. If they don't let you take test photos, then consider renting them.

They are both good cameras and you can't go wrong with either one. I was in your situation and chose the 10D because Canon lens are less expensive than Nikon lens. Also, if there are any new camera body designs, I would not be sure if the Nikon lens system would be compatable in the longterm.

Hope this helps.
- Shawn I.O. Yon

ANSWER 2:
Amanda, As a long time Canon user I confess I'm a bit biased BUT when it was time to move to digital I did check out the other stuff out there. What I found was that though there are a lot of really nice Digi SLRs out there, I wouldn't say one in particular is better than another when considering bodies at the same price point. That being the case I picked the 10D for two reasons. One, it works just like my Canon film cameras - pretty much the same controls, layout etc. And two, Canon lenses are especially good. Though the body is very important, it really is the glass that makes it all come together. I'd recommend the 28 - 135 Image Stabelizer as your main lens, I keep it on my camera about 80 percent of the time.

Good luck in making up your mind - I know it's difficult but the end result is you'll have an entirely new way to communicate your art!
- Reid S. Mason

Read this Q&A at BetterPhoto.com:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/qnaDetail.asp?threadID=8014

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http://www.betterphoto.com/QnAredirect.asp?threadID=8014

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*****


NEW QUESTION 3: Highest Quality Compression/Lossless Compression
Is there really such a thing as a 'lossless' JPEG? ACDSee claims to have a 'lossless' JPEG save option. PhotoShop elements has a 'highest' quality save option.

Are these really lossless - or are they just less lossy? If I really could save in a lossless JPEG format it certainly would make fill keeping easier.
- Paul M

ANSWER 1:
Hello All,

My advice - if your photos are purely from a digital camera - not scanned from slide of film. Back them up as soon as possible. Save them in there original format and only work on copies. Your original digital camera files are the only proof you took the photo (should you ever need to prove it). I do not save anything in jpg - (I shoot in RAW these days). I only save in TIFF or BMP (at 300 dpi - ready for print). CD Burners and media are that cheap these days there is not reason to risk image quality by saving in a compressed format (which is what jpg is).

My belief on the quality of the jpg files for storage will depend upon how often the file is opened - but more importantly how it is saved. If you open a .jpg file over and over again and save it at a lessor value then the highest - the image quality suffers. The debate goes on and on, on this subject of lossless quality. My photos are important to me - I don't risk it.
Regards.
- Davin Edridge

Read this Q&A at BetterPhoto.com:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/qnaDetail.asp?threadID=7995

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http://www.betterphoto.com/QnAredirect.asp?threadID=7995

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*****


NEW QUESTION 4: Scratches Through Negatives
For about six months I have been getting negs back with long scratches through them. I changes cameras and I changed labs. Think it could be the film? All bought at different times at B & H - Portra Films. I am beside myself. Ditched two cameras because of it. Thought I had ruined the insides with dirt. This new Canon EOS 3 has not been around any dirt. I have hundreds of dollars of these films. Can someone help?
- Jane Silberman

ANSWER 1:
If you are getting the same scratches with different cameras AND different labs, it could be the film canister. Could be that the film canister is putting scratches on the film. So if you haven't tried a different film brand, that might stop it.
One other reason that is kinda rare but can happen is that static can cause fine light streaks that look like scratches. Static and visible light are both electromagnetic energy. And static can cause streaks. Mostly found in cameras that have a fast rewind, or if somebody hand rewinds the film fast. It makes a static charge build up, just like dragging your feet across the carpet. And since we're in the winter months, where you always get a shock when you touch a doornob, that could be it.
But go to the store, and buy a 12 shot roll of film and see what happens. And also the EOS3 may have a slow rewind option, so you can try that also.
- Gregory La Grange

Visit gregorylagrange.org - Gregory's Deluxe BetterPholio™

ANSWER 2:
Different labs and different cameras. How could the cannister do damage? Started about 6 months ago when there was no weather related static. Hair thin scratches that are perfectly straight. I keep everything refrigerated could that be it? I let warm up before load in the camera.

Will buy a roll and see what happens. Will also take two refrigerated rolls to the lab that have not been exposed just to be processed... they will expose there and then develop. I will decrease the wind speed on my EOS.
- Jane Silberman

ANSWER 3:
Thanks Gregg. You were right on... I slowed down the rewind and bingo! That did the trick.
- Jane Silberman

ANSWER 4:
Cool.
- Gregory La Grange

Visit gregorylagrange.org - Gregory's Deluxe BetterPholio™

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http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/qnaDetail.asp?threadID=7989

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*****


NEW QUESTION 5: Printing Images on My Epson 2200
Is there a trick to printing digital images? All the labs say to hand them JPEG's at 300 DPI. So doesn't that simply mean I go into Photoshop, make everything 300 DPI, and hand it to them for printing? Or is there more to it? Do they color correct, or do I do that in Photoshop?

I am shooting at RAW, but I don't really understand what I'm doing because Photoshop just makes it a JPEG anyway. And Photoshop automatically makes everything 72 DPI. Does the same apply to me for personal printing? In other words, what is the optimum DPI for printing? My camera is 6.3 MP.

I am really struggling with my new digital situation. Also, my film images which I have scanned in do not print nicely. How can I fix that?
Thanks.
- Jerry Frazier

See Jerry's Premium BetterPholio™

ANSWER 1:
I think you're right to shoot in raw mode. Your camera's software, or a plug-in available for Photoshop should convert raw to TIF, or enable you to edit as raw.

I think the key to your question is the Image/Image Size screen. Open one of your best shots, right out of the camera, or from a file of archives of your raw shots. Do what you have to do to avoid converting to JPEG. It's hard to tell you what because I don't know how the particular software handles raw. Raw is what the pros are using, and there's plenty of information in back issues of Shutterbug.

Uncheck Resample and check Constrain Proportions. Shots right out of digital cameras are often at 72 ppi. Enter 300 in the resolution block and PS will calculate the image dimensions for you. Alternatively, enter the long dimension you want to print (10 if an 8 x 10), and you will see the resolution that results. If it's at least 240 ppi, print it on your Epson. For my Epson, 300 ppi gives consistently good results, but 240 is usually OK, too.

As long as you have invested in an excellent camera and a pro-level printer, consider one of the Photoshop for photographers courses here at betterphoto, or a course at your community college. There'a lot to fixing brightness/contrast, color correction, sharpening, and retouching. The Articles on my web page only scratch the surface.
- Doug Nelson

Visit DougNelsonPhoto.com - Doug's Deluxe BetterPholio™

Read this Q&A at BetterPhoto.com:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/qnaDetail.asp?threadID=7988

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*****


NEW QUESTION 6: Shooting Group Photos - What to Wear?
I am getting ready to set up a photo shoot for two high-level corporate groups (one with about seven people, one with about 15). What should I tell them to wear or not to wear for the photo?
- Jane M. Usero

ANSWER 1:
It would be really formal or even proper for the corporate individuals to wear either fine suits complete with ties and look real professional with dark matching colors (avoid pastels or anything loud). Those wearing glasses will have to do without them during the shoot though a few might have to adjust their head angle to avoid reflection from the camera flash. Make them feel relaxed as to avoiding making them rather self-conscious or looking like standing in front of a firing squad! Anyway, hope it turns out well---
- Buddy Purugganan

Read this Q&A at BetterPhoto.com:
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http://www.betterphoto.com/QnAredirect.asp?threadID=7978

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*****


NEW QUESTION 7: Deluxe BetterPholio™
Hello all,
I am in the process of setting up my Deluxe BetterPholio™ and would like hints from people that already have one, as to the best way to scan my pics and put them into the site. I have had some trouble (I am sure it is the settings I am using on the scanner) having them appear as they do on the original print. Maybe it is the pixels I am using. Does anyone have some hints for me? I want the pics to look as clear and great on the site as they do for real.
Thanks everyone.
- Pamela CM Lammersen

Visit pcmlphotography.com - Pamela's Deluxe BetterPholio™

ANSWER 1:
Oops - forgot to say that obviously I am NOT shooting with a digital camera. I am a 'film' sort o' girl.
- Pamela CM Lammersen

Visit pcmlphotography.com - Pamela's Deluxe BetterPholio™

ANSWER 2:
Hi Pam, and welcome!
I, too shoot all film (slides), and suffered through the arduous task of trying to re-create the same image quality as my originals.
I upgraded my scanning equipment to a Nikon Coolscan 4000... a bit pricey, but well worth the money for the high quality scans it delivers. Are you scanning prints, or negatives? If you are not using a dedicated film scanner, that might be something to consider. There are many brands and levels of quality available to fit most budgets.
- Bob Cammarata

Visit cammphoto.com - Bob's Deluxe BetterPholio™

Read this Q&A at BetterPhoto.com:
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*****


NEW QUESTION 8: Exposure for Snow Scenes
Is a neutral density filter necessary for snow scenes? If using a ND filter is it necessary to slow the shutter speed down from the recommended TTL meter setting? Which type of pro film is best for snow scenes?
- William L. Everett Jr

ANSWER 1:
The ND filter is not necessary for snow scenics if you understand that the bright white of the snow can fool your in-camera meter, and try to turn the snow to a neutral gray.

Meter off a neutral colored object which receives the same light as the scene you are shooting, then recompose and shoot at that setting. If no such object is available, meter off the snow and open 1 1/2 to 2 stops.
- Bob Cammarata

Visit cammphoto.com - Bob's Deluxe BetterPholio™

Read this Q&A at BetterPhoto.com:
http://www.betterphoto.com/forms/qnaDetail.asp?threadID=7973

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http://www.betterphoto.com/QnAredirect.asp?threadID=7973

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*****


NEW QUESTION 9: Why Are Some Indoor Portraits Yellow?
Sometimes I am taking "studio" type portraits at my house. I was taking pictures of two different people in the exact same set up but some of the pictures had a yellow tint to them. Why does this happen and how can I fix it?
- Clay Turner

ANSWER 1:
If your camera is film based, the yellowing may be due the lighting in your studio. Incandescent light requires tungsten-balanced film, or a blue (80-A) filter to correct the color shift.

If only "some" of the shots were affected...it may be something different, and maybe someone else has a better explanation.
- Bob Cammarata

Visit cammphoto.com - Bob's Deluxe BetterPholio™

ANSWER 2:
Are you using a flash? The reason only some of the pictures are yellow might be that the flash is not going off every time. Your flash is a daylight ballanced light source. If it doesn't go off you get yellow or green pictures. The color depends on the type of light. If your not using a flash then you have to compensate by using a filter or film balanced for the light you are using. (See Bob's answer) Many film makers have data sheets you can download from their web site that might have a guide to help you decide what filter you will need for your lights. If your using a digital camera you might be able to change the White Balance for your lighting and subject. Refer to your camera's manual on how to do this.
- Danny L. Morgan

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*****


NEW QUESTION 10: How to Take a Picture for eBay
Is there a trick for taking pictures for eBay? I am trying to take some shots of cloisonne. They are difficult as it is but when you upload to eBay, lot of photos distort a little or are fuzzy. Any suggestions?
Thanks
- Carolyn S. Swadley

ANSWER 1:
Fill the frame with the object, if possible. With a film camera, you may have to use an extension tube or a diopter-type screw-on close-up lens. Place any camera on a tripod, or solidly on a table. Position two bright lights so that the lighting shows off your craft work. An on-camera flash is often too harsh.
You can go straight from a digital camera to eBay, but that convenience costs you some control. Open your picture in Elements or whatver imaging program you have and see if it's sharp, clear, undistorted, and has no blanked out spots in the lighting. You can improve the brightness and contrast using any imaging program. Sharpen the picture slightly, but don't overdo it. (Some digital cameras let you sharpen in the camera). If what you see is not what you want, the problem is in the shooting technique.
See eBay's instructions for the pixel size they want. Try not compressing in the JPEG mode at all, or very little. eBay's program will compress it still further.
- Doug Nelson

Visit DougNelsonPhoto.com - Doug's Deluxe BetterPholio™

ANSWER 2:
Thanks Doug, I am using a digital camera with tripod. So to resize photo it would help to have it in TIFF mode? Perhaps with the gold in the cloisonne the flash has been too harsh as it causes it to really pop out and perhaps cause some distortion also?
- Carolyn S. Swadley

ANSWER 3:
Considering the use of the image here, TIF would not do you any good (unless you want to keep 8 x 10's of your work). Shoot in JPEG at a very high quality level, and do whatever edits you want to do to the picture. THEN, size it to a resolution of about 72, and a pixel length of, what does eBay say, 450. When you save, an imaging program will ask you how much you want to compress it. Tell it none, or maybe 10 (Photoshop's scale, of 1 to 12).

You might also try just shooting a JPEG at the minimum resolution mode, but at the best quality, if your camera offers that option. See if that works for you. If so, it'll save you a step.

Try a piece of tissue over the flash if its too harsh. Distortion comes from using a lens that's not really suited for professional close-up work. Let's hope the distortion doesn't misrepresent your work or cost you sales. I wouldn't think so.

If distortion IS a problem, back off some so that the work is not so close to the edge of the frame. Then shoot at the highest JPEG resolution, and cut around (crop) the image later in your imaging program. Size the result to 72 ppi, 450 pixels wide.
- Doug Nelson

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*****


NEW QUESTION 11: Starting a Home Darkroom
Hi, I am thinking of starting a darkroom in my bathroom. I do not own the house, my mother does, and she is worried about the effect of the chemicals on the plumbing. Will there be any effects or problems with dumping chemicals down the regular drain? And if I intend to start with black and white but hope to eventually move on to color as well, what would be the best kind of enlarger to get? Thanks!
- sarah

ANSWER 1:
The chemicals aren't that strong. They won't do anything to the plumbing. You'll have to worry more of developer leaving stains. You need to make sure you have enough room for everything. You may think that you can have one thing on a counter, one thing on the floor, put some trays in the bathtub. But once you actually start making prints, it can turn out to be more uncomfortable than you first expected. Doing each print by hand can take a long time sometimes. And if you have to have the enlarger on the floor, you may think it won't be much of a hassle until you start making a test print, do your final print, then find a small dust mark when you turn the lights on, then have to do it again. You can get tired of getting up and down if you can't have everything in a convenient place.

A good black and white enlarger is a condenser enlarger. There are some called diffuser enlargers, but the condenser is supposed to be better.
Brand names - I can't tell you very much about different brands. Omega and Bessler are most common. I have an old Omega, it works fine, so take what you want from that. If you want to move to color someday, you'll need a color enlarger. You can make black and white prints with a color enlarger, but not vice-versa.
But whatever you decide, if you end up buying a new enlarger, make sure you know what it comes with. As in what you need to buy separately, as in the base board, lens, negative carrier, etc. If you go in to a store or order online an enlarger, you may get handed just the enlarger head, and not even have the light bulb inside.
- Gregory La Grange

Visit gregorylagrange.org - Gregory's Deluxe BetterPholio™

ANSWER 2:
Hi Sarah,
I started out like you My first Enlarger was a thing called a "Pennet" It could do both 35mm and 6x6 it came with a lens and a bulb I paid $15 at a camera flea market I used 3 Cat Litter trays to develop my prints I made up a board to go over the bath in the share house I was living in. This was darkroom "1". It was fine until I joined a Camera club and found that 8x10 couldn't wouldn't win in the comp's. I was in a second Hand Shop around a year later and found a LPL 5700 Enlarger color head 75mm lens, timer and a big box of goodies for $200.00! That became Darkroom "2" I also moved into a better house with a area that I made mostly light tight and set up a work bench. I could now print 11x14 and no more filter's under the lens and I had a Nikkor 80mm lens and a 50mm 2.8 lens. The enarger also came with trays and a timer that helped alot.

I used this setup for around 3 years and could do most things I even printed color in drums(!) using Paterson chem and a thing called a unicube. Then I went to a thing called a Govenment surples Auction at that one they had lots of goodies but my eyes were on one enlarger there were 3 of them a Durst 659, Leica Focamat 3, and the big one a durst L1200 with a 150mm rodagon and 2 heads and a set extras. Well, I ended up with the L1200 for $600.00 because every one else thought it was too big! I had to transport it in bits and it came with half a Durst catalogue of extras. I sold my LPL for $200.00 but I kept the Nikkors and gave the pennet away to a friend. I set up the Durst in my make shift darkroom and found I could print up to 20x24 with very high quality. The colour head called a CLS501 is a dream to use.

I had this set up for 2 years. I now have bought my own house and am setting up a PRO style Darkroom in the shed of this house after a year or hard work I am almost complete and my wonderfull Durst is mounted with big bolts wall mount Kit and all. That is enough about what I have done.

Best enlargers are made by Durst, Saunders/LPL are also good 5700 and the 6700 are fine, any thing that can be had for $20.00 and has a lens and a Bulb would make a fine start. You can always buy something better when you have a real darkroom to put it in. Durst makes the finest Enlargers I have ever used. Most major lens makers make good lenses you will need a good 50mm lens as a start. My 50mm 2.8 Nikkor has served me for 8 years and always prints well. I hope I have been some help. It has taken me 10 years to get to this level - I am at Darkroom "6". As your printing skills improve so will your need for better Equipment. Don't buy what don't need and look at secondhand first - use the money saved on a good lens and a few boxes of paper.
- John Papandreou

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PHOTOGRAPHY Q&A - CONTINUING FROM PREVIOUS NEWSLETTER
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CONTINUING QUESTION 1: Travelling in Europe with Digital
I'm going to be travelling for the first time with my Finepix 2600 Digital camera. We will be in Europe for 2 weeks - and I love taking lots of shots. I usually set my camera on Fine (which gives me only about 80 shots on a memory card). I was wondering if I should take my pictures at a lower setting (how much will it affect the quality?) or should I buy more cards? I will not have access to a computer to download the pictures. Any advice you may have is greatly appreciated!
- Diane L. Dupuis-Kallos

ANSWER 1:
Diane,

I don't recommend taking your pictures at a lower setting - the high resolution is part of the reason you bought your camera, right? You may want to consider buying another memory card, though. I just came back from 2 weeks in Europe with a Sony Cybershot F-707 and about 512 MB of memory. I had my camera set on Fine and the highest resolution (which is 5 mega-pixels), and took pictures of EVERYTHING. Many places will be able to burn your images to disk. It's about 5-8 Euro and some places it's 1 Euro cheaper if you already have your own disk. I had them burn my images to disk about every other day, and it worked out fine.
- Giao N.

ANSWER 2:
Thanks so much Giao! I would appreciate any tips on travelling with my digital camera!
- Diane L. Dupuis-Kallos

ANSWER 3:
I would make sure to have an extra fully charged battery along, as well as plenty of memory space in case you can't get to a photo place before your next excursion. Most cities that I went to had at least one or two places that could burn your pictures to CD for you. Some photo places (photo developing places, digital camera stores, some internet cafes) do it immediately and some take 1 hour or so. I had no trouble finding places in cities like Rome and London, but it was a little more difficult to find a place in a smaller city like Zurich, so you want to have enough memory to tide you over until you can find a place that will do it. Also, make sure to familiarize yourself with all the controls on your camera before you go. Have a great trip!
- Giao N.

ANSWER 4:
I have a 6.1 megapixel which is a real limitation when I'm away from my computer. I found a copy machine for $300.00. It takes up to a 512K memory card and downloads the card onto disk. It runs on a rechargable battery and fits in my camera case. Downloading 512K takes about 20 minutes if you use the check option and it has to have a flat and stable surface. I'm sorry I've forgotten the name and manufacturer but it is made by one of the common memory card makers.
- Alison A. Thomas

ANSWER 5:
Thanks Alison!
- Diane L. Dupuis-Kallos

ANSWER 6:
Since Giao mentioned the extra battery, you may need an AC adapter for your charger because the electrical current in Europe is different from US (assuming you are from US).
- Andy Szeto

ANSWER 7:
Thanks Andy - I'm from Montreal actually, and have the adapter on my list of things to get... Thanks!
- Diane L. Dupuis-Kallos

ANSWER 8:
Diane,

I've done similar trips and have had no problem finding internet cafes to burn cds. I'm always concerned that I might some how lose my photos (theft or lost luggage for example), so every time I burned a disc I kept one with me and mailed one back to my permanent address. It was a little bit more expensive, but to me, worth the piece of mind.
-cheers,
- Kevin S. Jones

ANSWER 9:
Thanks Kevin!
- Diane L. Dupuis-Kallos

ANSWER 10:
Just spent 5 weeks on a Volga River cruise thru Russia (St. Petersburg-Moscow-Volgograd) where there are no internet cafes. I took over 1600 photos with a 5.2 megapixel Minolta DiMage 7 using the fine setting and 128 and 256 Mb cards. Not wanting to buy a laptop, I purchased a palm-sized battery-powered Nixvue Vista for $475 w/30 Gb memory and downloaded every one or two days. The camera uses 4 AA batteries so took 8 sets, a quick charger (1 hour), and adaptor and always had plenty of power to shoot all day. Usually took 3 sets plus those in the camera. Have a good trip.
- Evelyn Madsen

ANSWER 11:
Thanks Evelyn!
- Diane L. Dupuis-Kallos

ANSWER 12:
I would suggest that you purchase separately a portable hard disc to down load your cards onto during your trip. On your return the contents of the disc can be transferred to your computer. The hard disc I have is 'Digital Wallet' but they unfortunately have gone out of business but I am sure that there must be other makes available. The capacity of these portable discs is in the 6 to 20 gigabyte range which will be enough capacity for even the most snap happy snapper.
- David Robinson

ANSWER 13:
Thanks David!
- Diane L. Dupuis-Kallos

ANSWER 14:
Diane: The Nixvue Vista is a digital photo album and an excellent substitute for the Digital Wallet. It comes in various capacities from 10 to 60 GB. The charger for the Vista only requires an adaptor to charge the battery. They also have different types of digital photo albums. The name of the company is Nixvue Systems Pte Ltd in Singapore and they have a website: www.nixvue.com.
- Evelyn Madsen

ANSWER 15:
Here's another item for your dilema. A Multi Media Jukebox. Dell sells them for around 2 - 3 hundred. I bought one for the drag races last year. Mine has a 20G hard drive in it. You can put any type of computer file on it, even MP3's. So if you want to take a set of headphones and put some music on it, you can do that. Also, it shoots video, so if you want to do that with it. There are endless possibilities with the little box.
- shawna mccutcheon

ANSWER 16:
I purchased a 20 Gb portable hard drive called Digital Photo Library by I/O Magic for a trip to France last Fall. It has a built in 6 in 1 card reader which should cover any type of memory card you may have. It is small enough to fit in a coat pocket.

I second the extra battery sugestion.

I dont know how other similar devices work, but a lesson I learned is to only download from the memory card once, when it is full. Otherwise you end up with multiple folders containing many of the same pictures.
- Jim

ANSWER 17:
Thanks so much for the tips Evelyn, Shawna and Jim!
- Diane L. Dupuis-Kallos

ANSWER 18:
No need to panic, because where ever you travel, you can find facilities to either store your pictures on a CD or buy a new card, I went to London last summer and I had a 128 Mb card with my Nikon coolpix 4300 I took nearly 300 pictures with fine resolutions I also had a film camera which I rearly used, so I say donít panic and you can find a way while you are on trip.

Regards,
- Abdulaziz A. Zarouni

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